Age Pregenant heifers: between 24-32 months at time of calving.
Open heifers: 6-12 months
Pedigree registered.
Beef production

Hereford history

The Hereford cattle / livestock breed is a grazing beef breed, and has been founded around 1600-1700 as a product of necessity. In the 17th and 18th century, the first documents are recorded of the Hereford cattle / livestock breed in Herefordshire in the West Midlands of England.
Farmers near Herefordshire, England, needed to produce beef for the expanding food market cre-ated by Britain’s industrial revolution. The farmers understood the succes of breeding cattle which was so efficientl in converting their native grass to beef. One of the most important things were the high yield of beef that came from the Hereford cattle / livestock breed.

Mr Benjamin Tompkins Senior and Junior are one of the founders of the breed, around halfaway the 18th century.
The first Herd Book has been published in 1846 after expansion of breeders in the 18th and 19th century. The Herd Book Society has been started in 1878 to registrate the right data and infor-mation.
18 years after Mr Tompkins, Robert Bakewell started developing his theories of breeding Here-ford cattle. From the start, Mr. Tomkins has his own vision and strategy on feeding, to gain weight from grass and grain, and to breed a profitable breed.
Herefords cattle livestock were in the 17th and early 18th centrury was much larger than they are today. Many Herefords weighed 3,000 pounds or more. A Hereford Bull in 1839, named Cotmore, weighed 3,900 pounds at a show. Since then, the type and weight of the Herefords cattle / live-stock became less extreme and more efficient.
Till the 18th century, the breed looks red and white and were similar like other cattle in the South of England.
Hereford cattle / livestock were cross breeded in the 18th and 19th centrury with other types of beef cattle.
The colour changed a little bit, but the white head is still his trademark.

In 1817, Mr Henry Clay, United States Senator, imported the first Herefords from the United King-dom to the United States. Kentucky was their new homebase. From 1840, bigger amounts were imported from the UK into the USA.
Later on, the Hereford cattle / livestock has been exported to many countries like; Canada, Ireland, Mexico, South America, Australia, Russia, Argentina and Kazakhstan.

Hereford cattle / livestock at moment are all polled. For farmers this is an advantage, so they do not have to dehorn their herd anymore and all animals cannot wound themselves with the hornes. The colour of the Hereford cattle / livestock is red and white. The weight of the calves are at birth 30-40kg, and heifers calve very easy. Bulls can become around 1200kg and the cows are around 800kg.
The breeding goal of today’s Herefords cattle / livestock, is how to improve the return on invest-ment by reducing their costs of feeding and forage conversion.
Herefords cattle / livestock have an early maturnity and longivity, that makes it economic interest-ing for farmers to farm with them. Also a great fertility is a intersting advantage of Hereford cattle / livestock.
Dams produce about one calf per year. The characteristics of Hereford cattle / livestock breed can be described as calm and pleasant, permitting an easy way of management the herds.

Today, Hereford cattle / livestock is still grazing in the fields of Herefordshire, England.